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Types of Shoes for Aerobic Fitness Live in good health

Sports shoes are designed to support the foot during specific movements. Due to the specific foot support required for each sport, a single shoe is not appropriate for each activity. For example, basketball shoes will not provide enough arch support for jogging, and running shoes will not support the ankles while playing basketball. If you play sports at least three times a week, wear a sport-specific shoe to avoid injury.

Cross training

For general fitness activities such as weight lifting, stationary cycling, and climbing stairs, ellipticals can be worn in place of sport-specific shoes. According to the Family Footcare Group, elliptical trainers are designed to support lateral movement and are ideal for general fitness activities. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society also suggests elliptical trainers for exercising less than three times a week if no injury results.

To research

The soles of tennis, basketball and volleyball shoes are subjected to a lot of abuse due to frequent lateral movements and quick stops. According to the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society, heels must have a good sole to withstand rapid movement forward, backward and side to side. Tennis shoes should be flexible and provide stability inside and outside the foot. Basketball shoes, however, should be tall – for ankle support – with thick, stiff soles.

Walking and jogging

Both walking and jogging shoes are designed to absorb shock – especially where the impact is greatest – under the ball of the foot and heel. However, as jogging has more of an impact, the shoes come in different designs. Jogging shoes, for example, have more cushion to absorb shock and are more flexible at the ball of the foot, according to the Family Footcare Group. Walking shoes, according to the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society, have a stiffer front sole, less cushion, and a rounded bottom to ease the transition from heel to toe.

Aerobic dance

According to the Family Footcare Group, aerobic shoes should be able to withstand an impact up to six times the force of gravity. Since the force is transmitted to the 26 bones of the foot, the shoes should have a wide toe box and good medial to lateral stability – side to side. The Family Footcare Group suggests shoes with strong arch support to compensate for the forces of lateral movements. They also suggest strappy shoes or thick leather shoes for extra support.

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